Huelva and its environment
The port of Huelva is located on the South Atlantic Arc of Europe, near the Straits of Gibraltar, on the crossing between the North-South and East-West shipping routes. Huelva is a natural estuary port. With an area of protected waters covering 1120 ha. It is the port with the largest area free for concession in the state port system with 1700 ha. It has 8.5 km of public and private docks.
Highly specialised in liquid and solid bulk traffic, the port of Huelva is an industrial and energy port with a new dock specific for logistics: the South Dock, where it operates a regular line of containers (www.opdr.com) towards the north of Europe and a ferry that connects Huelva with the Canary Islands (www.navieraarmas.com), it is also a port of call for cruisers
Open 365 days a year, the entry canal has a width of between 200 and 300 m and a draught of 13 m at low tide. It has good motorway connections with Seville and other Andalusian provinces, Madrid and the Portuguese Algarve. By rail it is connected with Seville, Cordoba, Extremadura and Madrid.
The port of Huelva is surrounded by 12,000 ha of natural spaces, made up of the natural areas of the large marshes of El Odiel and the Domingo Rubio estuary, as well as the natural reserves of the Isla de En Medio and the marsh of El Burro. 560 ha of these spaces are included in the port service zone.
Places connected with the discovery of America
Christopher Columbus set off from the area surrounding the port of Huelva in 1492, together with sailors from the province, to discover America. In the area near the port, visitors can see the Monastery of La Rábida and places associated with Columbus, with a re-creation of the ships that sailed on the discovery voyage in the dock of Las Carabelas. The port of Huelva is also home to the sculpture the North American people gave to the city of Huelva through the Columbus Memorial Foundation; it is located on the headland of El Sebo. The monument to Columbus or the Faith of Discovery was opened in 1929 and was sculpted by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney.
The port of Huelva also has the mark the British left on the province in the 19th and 20th centuries when they exploited the copper mines of Riotinto. The port of Huelva has a mineral loading dock known as the Dock of El Tinto. In the town of Minas de Riotinto, visitors can see the Corta Atalaya, the largest opencast mine in Europe, as well as the mining Museum. They can also enjoy a train ride to see the surprising beauty of the River Tinto, where investigations on the planet Mars take place. In the city of Huelva, they can visit Casa Colón, a hotel built by the British and now used for exhibitions and congresses, as well as the Reina Victoria or British quarter.
Huelva is one of the provinces in Spain with the largest area of natural spaces. This can be seen in its 122 km of beaches, many of them free from buildings, and its overwhelming nature with spaces of significant ecological value such as the Natural Reserves of Doñana and Sierra de Aracena and the Picos de Aroche. It is also home to the Grotto of the Wonders of Aracena. In the area of Doñana, visitors can also enjoy the shrine to the Madonna of El Rocío and the surrounding marshes, as well as the stately homes of El Acebuche and El Acebrón.